Real Estate (Dual) Agency in Virginia – Now Updated with a little Reason

This might seem like inside baseball to some, but if you’re involved or thinking about being involved in a real estate transaction in the Commonwealth of Virginia, it’s important.

I said it nearly five years ago:

Dual Agency – Who benefits?

The Realtor.


No (single agent) dual agency” was one of the founding tenets of Nest Realty Group.

Now … single agent dual agency comes with some required some disclosures (there are still loopholes … and this doesn’t take effect until July 2012).

HB1907 is law. (this is me discussing the bill a few months ago)


From the General Assembly’s site (pdf): (boldings are mine)

“Dual agent” or “dual representative” means a licensee who has a brokerage relationship with both seller and buyer, or both landlord and tenant, in the same real estate transaction

Single Agent Dual Agency will be allowed, so long as the following disclosures are made:

The disclosure shall contain the following provisions:

1. That following the commencement of dual standard agency, the licensee will be unable to advise either party as to the terms, offers or counteroffers; however, under the limited circumstances specified in subsection C, the licensee may have previously discussed such terms with one party prior to the commencement of dual standard agency;

2. That the licensee cannot advise a buyer client as to the suitability of the property, its condition (other than to make any disclosures as required by law of any licensee representing a seller), and cannot advise either party as to repairs of the property to make or request;

3. That the licensee cannot advise either party in any dispute that might later arise relating to the transaction;

4. That the licensee will be acting without knowledge of the client’s needs, client’s experience in the market, or client’s experience in handling real estate transactions unless he has gained that information from earlier contact with the client under the limited circumstances specified in subsection C; and

5. That either party may engage another licensee if he requires additional representation.

B. Such disclosures shall not be deemed to comply with the requirements set out in this section if (i) not signed by the client or (ii) given in a purchase agreement, lease or any other document related to a transaction


1 – The agent can’t tell you about price, terms, etc, but may have already (and probably has) advised the opposing party
2 – The agent can’t tell you anything about the property that’s useful or isn’t something you don’t already know.
3 – The agent is an impartial advisor (rather than an advocate for one party)
4 – The agent doesn’t and can’t know anything about the clients wants or needs.
5 – Get another agent to get actual representation.

So … if you’re a consumer interviewing buyer’s agents or listing representation, ask ’em … “do you do single agent dual agency?”

HB 1907's path through the General Assembly

If you’re interested in one perspective about what a buyer or seller gives up in single agent dual agency situation:


From the Washington Post:

— Dual agents: This arrangement may also be called “dual representation.” Both buyer and seller are represented by the same agent. Both parties must sign a form, prepared under the auspices of the local real estate commission. The form requires informed consent. For example, in the District of Columbia, sellers and buyers are put on notice that “when the parties agree to dual representation, the ability of the licensee [the agent] and the brokerage firm to represent either party fully and exclusively is limited.” Maryland law does not allow such dual representation.

On a personal note, this is something I have worked on for years through the various channels and back channels of the real estate world. I’m proud of the Virginia Association of Realtors for listening to their members and for acting so effectively on this. It’s not as strong as I would have liked, but it’ll do. 🙂

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  1. Kennyletner April 5, 2011 at 00:33

    I have been reading you post today and I wanted to tell you that it is refreshing to find someone who understand agency in Virginia. I like you wish that single agent dual agency was not allowed. To many people get agency and commision confussed and one has nothing to do with the other. At some point in the furture I belive we will see poeple retaining the services of agnets weather buyer or seller and paying them as such. For a look at how this works take a look at auctions?

  2. Property Agent April 5, 2011 at 05:06

    it’s quite crazy how some agents just do like as what is translated but some are really helpful and could give more info as the buyer or seller needs

  3. Anonymous April 6, 2011 at 02:14

    I have read one by one all those blog ideas and I get so much data and information in it. I would try to used many of them to improved my blogging at the same time improved my site as well.

    Utah Realtor

  4. D January 22, 2017 at 04:39

    I am the seller and our agent is representing both the seller and the buyer . We have a contract on house . We never signed thes consent form. Is the contract void? We feel like we have been taken advantaged of. What is our leagal recourse?

    1. Jim Duncan January 23, 2017 at 11:37

      Thanks, D.

      I can’t give specific advice as you are working with another agent. That said, I suggest you talk with your real estate attorney about how to proceed.

      When I work with the occasional unrepresented buyer or seller, I am very explicit about them signing docs, same as when I am representing the buyer or seller.

      Have you spoken with the firm’s broker?


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